Newgrange: A Royal Necropolis

The Megalith Builders divided the British Isles and Brittany into four quadrants, and built their main monuments on this territory in accordance with the symbolism associated with each cardinal point. The island of Ireland, in the west, was where they erected the royal necropolis.

The mound with a passage tomb called Newgrange is undoubtedly one of the most important and prominent megalithic monuments. Like Avebury and Carnac, the main stage of construction took place at the end of the 4th millennium BC. This monument is located on the north side of a large meander of the Boyne River in the eastern side of Ireland, along with other fine examples of mounds with passage tombs such as Knowth and Dowth.

The Megalith Builders understood life as a result of the union of two principles, solar and lunar (in classical mythology Apollo and Artemis), and, logically, they understood death as the result of their separation. The kings, like Orion, were considered demigods, possessed of an immortal spirit within a mortal body. The megalithic complex of Avebury and Stonehenge were designed to make sure that the kings should experience the same kind of immortality that Orion, that is, they should die to be reborn again as princes.

This unbroken maintenance of the royal lineage would be accomplished during the monarchical renewal ceremony, held every 19 years during the mayor lunar standstill (lunastice). This very special ceremony included the regicide, as I explained in the releases dedicated to Avebury and Stonehenge, but also the sacred union (hierosgamos) of the new kings and queens as explained in this new issue. The Y and Z Holes of Stonehenge were used to determine the most suitable time, depending on the cycles of the moon, to celebrate the sacred marriage.

Newgrange: A Royal Necropolis

Orkney Islands: Capital of Hyperborea

 

The Orkney Islands belong to a Scottish archipelago uniquely rich in Neolithic sites. The “Heart of Neolithic Orkney” is a group of megalithic monuments on Mainland Island consisting of Maeshowe, a chambered cairn, the Standing Stones of Stenness, the Ring of Brodgar (both henge-type monuments), and Skara Brae, one of the best preserved Neolithic villages.

The Ring of Brodgar is among the northernmost examples of henges in Britain, comparable with Avebury and Stonehenge among the greatest.

Additionally, a recent archaeological site called Ness of Brodgar has been excavated between the Rings of Brodgar and Stenness, and it has provided evidence of housing, decorated stone slabs, a massive stone wall with foundations, and a large building dubbed as “the cathedral.”

The high concentration of Neolithic sites at this location of this northern island is quite remarkable. The people who built the huge chamber of Maes Howe and lived in the houses like those of Skara Brae (they even had sewers in the 3rd millennium BC), surrounded by such extraordinary ritual landscape, were coetaneous with those who built Avebury, Carnac, the early phase of Stonehenge, and Newgrange (described in a coming post).

This coincidence in time, and the geodesic fact that Orkney is the northernmost land on the same meridian than Carnac (ca. 3.2º W), may suggest a connection among these megalithic complexes.

The hypothesis of MacKie proposing the existence of a theocratic élite with capacity of movement over large territories in Neolithic Britain, radiating from Orkney in the north, would fit within a scheme in which these islands were chosen by the Megalith Builders to build the headquarters of their priests.

But, why would they build it in such remote northern archipelago? Find the answer in the book.

 

Orkney Islands: Capital of Hyperborea